At the end of this lesson, you will be able to:

  • Define eschatology.
  • Describe the purpose and limits of Biblical prophecy.
  • Briefly describe contrasting views with regard to Christ’s second coming.

God is Sovereign: Isaiah 46:9-11

• He knows exactly how history is going to play out, because He

determined____ it.

• He has purposed it, and He will____ bring it to pass.

• He has revealed His plan to an extent, but has not given us every


The Purpose of Prophecy: Isaiah 48:5

• Prophecy proves the sovereignty____ of God.

• Prophecy demonstrates____ God’s omniscience.

• Prophecy proves____ that it is God who acts.

• Prophecy is not____ given so we can write history____ ahead of time!

The Second Coming is Future:

• Nobody fully understood the first Advent before____ it happened.

• Nobody now fully understands____ the Second Advent!

• Prophecy is given so we will recognize it when it happens, and understand

that it is the workmanship____ of Almighty God!

• But there is one undisputable truth: Jesus is coming again, and when He

does, He will raise up all who believe____ in Him. John 6:39-40

Biblical Terms Relating to Eschatology:

• Eschatos (2078) – A superlative meaning end of, last, latter end, lowest,

uttermost. Eschatology____, then, is the study of the end times.

• Parousia (3952) – Presence, coming____ or arrival. 1 Thessalonians 3:13;


• Apokalupsis (602) – Revelation, uncovering____, unveiling. 1 Corinthians

1:7; 1 Peter 4:13

• Epiphaneia (2015) – To appear____, to shine, to give light to. 1 Timothy

6:14; Titus 2:13-14

Contrasting Viewpoints on the Interpretation of Revelation:

The Preterist View:

  • The book of Revelation describes past____ events.
  • John used symbolic language to protest against the evils of the Roman____
  • empire.
  • Revelation recorded his conviction that God would eventually
  • intervene____.
  • The Historicist View:

Revelation describes a panorama of history____ from the First Century to

the Second Coming.

• View of virtually all of the Reformers____.

The Futurist View:

• Chapter 4 onwards deals with end-time____ events.

• Book not concerned so much with John’s time.

The Idealist View:

• The main thrust is concerned with inspiring suffering Christians to

endure____ to the end.

• Symbolic language is to be taken as imaginative____ descriptions of the

triumph of God.

Contrasting Viewpoints with regard to The Millennium. Revelation 20:2-3


• There is no literal____ 1000 year earthly reign of Christ.

• We are now in the symbolic____ millennial period. Christ is now

reigning____ over the Kingdom of God on earth – although not all are


• Before the end there will be a great apostasy____.

• Christ will return, followed by the resurrection____ of the just and the


• This will then usher in the eternal____ state.


• The work of the church____ and true Christians will establish the millennium

sometime in the future.

• Jesus will return after 1000 years of righteousness____ on earth.

• The resurrection and judgment____ will then occur, ushering in the eternal


Historic Pre-millennialism

• We are now in the church____ age.

• Sometime in the future there will be a great apostasy____ and tribulation.

• Christ will return to establish His kingdom and resurrect____ the righteous.

• Christ will reign on earth for 1000 years.

• Following the millennium, the resurrection and judgment of the

unsaved____ will be accomplished.

• This will usher in the eternal state.

Dispensational Pre-millennialism

• We are now in the Church Age.

• Jesus will return secretly to rapture____ His church.

• Following the rapture, there will be great apostasy and tribulation____.

• We will then see the second coming____ of Christ with His saints.

• The resurrection of Old Testament and tribulation____ saints will occur.

• There will be a 1000 year earthly reign of Christ followed by the

resurrection____ and judgment of the unsaved.

• The eternal state will then be initiated.